[PATCH] kthread: run kthreadd with max priority SCHED_FIFO

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kthreadd, the creator of other kernel threads, runs as a normal
priority task. This is a potential for priority inversion when a task
wants to spawn a high-priority kernel thread. A middle priority
SCHED_FIFO task can block kthreadd's execution indefinitely and thus
prevent the timely creation of the high-priority kernel thread.
This causes a practical problem. When a runaway real-time task is
eating 100% CPU and we attempt to put the CPU offline, sometimes we
block while waiting for the creation of the highest-priority
"kstopmachine" thread. 

The fix is to run kthreadd with the highest possible SCHED_FIFO
priority. Its children must still run as slightly negatively reniced
Signed-off-by: Michal Schmidt <[email protected]>

diff --git a/kernel/kthread.c b/kernel/kthread.c
index dcfe724..a7ce932 100644
--- a/kernel/kthread.c
+++ b/kernel/kthread.c
@@ -94,10 +94,17 @@ static void create_kthread(struct kthread_create_info *create)
 	if (pid < 0) {
 		create->result = ERR_PTR(pid);
 	} else {
+		struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = 0 };
 		create->result = find_task_by_pid(pid);
+		/*
+		 * We (kthreadd) run with SCHED_FIFO, but we don't want
+		 * the kthreads we create to have it too by default.
+		 */
+		sched_setscheduler(create->result, SCHED_NORMAL, &param);
+		set_user_nice(create->result, -5);
@@ -217,11 +224,12 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(kthread_stop);
 int kthreadd(void *unused)
 	struct task_struct *tsk = current;
+	struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = MAX_RT_PRIO - 1 };
 	/* Setup a clean context for our children to inherit. */
 	set_task_comm(tsk, "kthreadd");
-	set_user_nice(tsk, -5);
+	sched_setscheduler(tsk, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
 	set_cpus_allowed(tsk, CPU_MASK_ALL);
 	current->flags |= PF_NOFREEZE;
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