Re: Simple Harddisk Backup/Cloning and Data Restore Scripts for your Fedora Desktops

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

 





On Sun, Nov 15, 2009 at 9:19 AM, Mr. Teo En Ming (Zhang Enming) <[email protected]> wrote:
>
>
> On Sun, Nov 15, 2009 at 9:15 AM, Mr. Teo En Ming (Zhang Enming)
> <[email protected]> wrote:
>>
>>
>> On Sun, Nov 15, 2009 at 9:11 AM, Mr. Teo En Ming (Zhang Enming)
>> <[email protected]> wrote:
>>>
>>>
>>> On Fri, Nov 13, 2009 at 10:28 PM, Mr. Teo En Ming (Zhang Enming)
>>> <[email protected]> wrote:
>>>>
>>>> Restore script:
>>>>
>>>> <CODE>
>>>> ---snipped---
>>>> </CODE>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>
>>> Hi All,
>>>
>>> I have tested my self-written harddisk backup/cloning script by
>>> performing a backup of my Western Digital 500 GB SATA harddisk to my 160 GB
>>> Hitachi harddisk.
>>>
>>> The backup operation is successful except for 3 virtual machines. The
>>> backup of these 3 virtual machines fail because partimage does not support
>>> ext4 filesystems. I have performed a backup of these 3 VMs *again* using the
>>> following modified script to handle ext4 filesystems by using fsarchiver:
>>>
>>> <SCRIPT>
>>> ---snipped---
>>> </SCRIPT>
>>>
>>> The duration of harddisk cloning has been shortened from 7 hours to 4.5
>>> hours. The filesize of the backup image set has been reduced from 300 GB to
>>> 126 GB, which is a substantial reduction of more than 50%.
>>>
>>>
>>
>> Latest Backup Script as at 15 November 2009 9:13 A.M. SGT:
>>
>> <CODE>
>> ---snipped---
>> </CODE>
>>
>
>
>
> Latest Restore Script as at 15 November 2009 Sunday 9:17 A.M. SGT:
>
> <CODE>
> </CODE>
>
>

Hi All,

I have tested both the backup and restore scripts by doing an actual backup and restore operation on my computer.

For your convenience, I have attached the final backup and restore scripts in this email.

FINAL Backup script as at 19 November 2009 3:39 A.M. SGT

<CODE>
#!/bin/sh

set -x

###############################################################################################################
###############################################################################################################
# Script to Backup/Clone Xen Host/Dom0 and all DomUs which are using Logical Volumes as Virtual Hard Disks
###############################################################################################################
###############################################################################################################

# Written by:
 
# Mr. Teo En Ming (Zhang Enming) Dip(Mechatronics) BEng(Hons)(Mechanical Engineering)
# Alma Maters:
# (1) Singapore Polytechnic
# (2) National University of Singapore
# Primary Blog: http://teo-en-ming-aka-zhang-enming.blogspot.com
# Secondary Blog: http://enmingteo.wordpress.com
# Youtube Videos: http://www.youtube.com/user/enmingteo
# Xen Tutorials and Video Demos: http://www.xen.org/support/tutorial.html
# Email: [email protected]
# MSN: [email protected]
# Mobile Phone (Starhub Prepaid): +65-8369-2618
# Street: Bedok Reservoir Road
# Country: Singapore

# First written: 13 November 2009 Friday 12:38 A.M. Singapore time
# Last updated: 13 November 2009 Friday 12:38 A.M. Singapore time
# Last updated: 13 November 2009 Friday 1:20 P.M. Singapore time
# Last updated: 13 November 2009 Friday 5:23 P.M. Singapore time
# Last updated: 14 November 2009 Saturday 3:19 A.M. Singapore time
# Last updated: 15 November 2009 Sunday 1:33 A.M. Singapore time
# Last updated: 15 November 2009 Sunday 8:06 A.M. Singapore time

# REFERNCE: "Geek Sheet: Bare-metal backup and recovery", May 7th, 2008, Jason Perlow
# URL: http://blogs.zdnet.com/BTL/?p=8759

# Usage Instructions:

# Boot up your desktop/server with System Rescue CD version 1.3.2 for i386/amd64.
# Then execute this backup script. You need to adapt this script to work for your environment.
# Download System Rescue CD from http://www.sysresccd.org/Main_Page

# FAQ
# Q: Why do I want to write this cloning script when there are many open source cloning software available?
# A: I am previously using Clonezilla. It is a very good cloning software. However, it could not detect all the
#    virtual machines in my LVM2 logical volumes and had to fall back on using dd to image all my domUs,
#    which resulted in an enormous 300 GB (!) backup image set and an extremely lengthy cloning process of
#    7 hours. Clonezilla is very good for LVs which only contain filesystems, but not for LVs which contain
#    virtual machines with MBR, partition geometries and full fledged operating systems. It is very diffcult
#    to image nested logical volumes, i.e. logical volumes within logical volumes. And the PV within a LV is
#    the barrier. So it is not Clonezilla's fault. Anybody who knows how to activate all the logical volumes
#    of all the volume groups within LVM2 physical volumes inside a logical volume hosting a virtual machine,
#    please share your knowledge with me. Thank you very much.

# No. of QC Checks Performed on this backup script: 1

###############################################################################################################
# Declare Variables
###############################################################################################################

HARDDISK=/dev/sda
DEST=/media/hitachi/test
FSA_COMPLEVEL=3
PROCESSOR_CORES=2
GZIP_COMPLEVEL=fast
PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL=1

###############################################################################################################
# Create Storage Directory for Backup Images
###############################################################################################################

if [ ! -d $DEST ]
then
    mkdir -p $DEST
fi

###############################################################################################################
###############################################################################################################
# Cloning Xen Host/Dom0
###############################################################################################################
###############################################################################################################

# Backup MBR

dd if=$HARDDISK of=$DEST/f11-xen-dom0-sda.mbr bs=512 count=1

# Backup Partition Geometry
sfdisk -d $HARDDISK > $DEST/f11-xen-dom0-partition-geometry-sda.sfdisk

# Activate all logical volumes in all volume groups

vgchange -ay

# Backup UUIDs of PVs

pvdisplay > $DEST/f11-xen-dom0-pvdisplay.txt

# Backup LVM2 Metadata for All Volume Groups

# Backup the configuration of dedicated volume group for dom0

vgcfgbackup -d -v vg_fedora11_host -f $DEST/vg_fedora11_host-vgcfg.lvm2.metadata

# Backup the configuration of dedicated volume group for domUs

vgcfgbackup -d -v virtualmachines -f $DEST/virtualmachines-vgcfg.lvm2.metadata

# Backup /boot partition and all logical volumes of dedicated volume group for host/dom0

fsarchiver savefs -v -z $FSA_COMPLEVEL -j $PROCESSOR_CORES $DEST/f11-xen-dom0-filesystems.fsa /dev/sda1 \
/dev/vg_fedora11_host/lv_home /dev/vg_fedora11_host/lv_root /dev/vg_fedora11_host/lv_var

###############################################################################################################
###############################################################################################################
# Cloning Xen-based Virtual Machines/DomUs/Guest Operating Systems/VMs
###############################################################################################################
###############################################################################################################

# The following 8 virtual machines have LVM2 physical volumes, so it is not possible to image using partimage
# or fsarchiver directly, as both do not support PVs.  The only convenient way is to image the logical volume  
# for the VM using dd, ie. sector by sector copy, and then piping it to gzip for a smaller backup image.
# Other methods would have been more involved and tedious.

# VM 1: Fedora 11 x86_64 PV domU (MPICH2 Virtual Supercomputer Center)
###############################################################################################################

# Sector by sector copy
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/f11-pv-hpc-node0001 | gzip --$GZIP_COMPLEVEL > \
$DEST/virtualmachines-f11-pv-hpc-node0001.img.gz

# VM 2: Fedora 11 x86_64 PV domU (MPICH2 Virtual Supercomputer Center)
###############################################################################################################

# Sector by sector copy
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/f11-pv-hpc-node0002 | gzip --$GZIP_COMPLEVEL > \
$DEST/virtualmachines-f11-pv-hpc-node0002.img.gz

# VM 3: Fedora 11 x86_64 PV domU (MPICH2 Virtual Supercomputer Center)
###############################################################################################################

# Sector by sector copy
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/f11-pv-hpc-node0003 | gzip --$GZIP_COMPLEVEL > \
$DEST/virtualmachines-f11-pv-hpc-node0003.img.gz

# VM 4: Fedora 11 x86_64 PV domU (MPICH2 Virtual Supercomputer Center)
###############################################################################################################

# Sector by sector copy
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/f11-pv-hpc-node0004 | gzip --$GZIP_COMPLEVEL > \
$DEST/virtualmachines-f11-pv-hpc-node0004.img.gz

# VM 5: Fedora 11 x86_64 PV domU (MPICH2 Virtual Supercomputer Center)
###############################################################################################################

# Sector by sector copy
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/f11-pv-hpc-node0005 | gzip --$GZIP_COMPLEVEL > \
$DEST/virtualmachines-f11-pv-hpc-node0005.img.gz

# VM 6: Fedora 11 x86_64 PV domU (MPICH2 Virtual Supercomputer Center)
###############################################################################################################

# Sector by sector copy
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/f11-pv-hpc-node0006 | gzip --$GZIP_COMPLEVEL > \
$DEST/virtualmachines-f11-pv-hpc-node0006.img.gz

# VM 7: Fedora 11 x86_64 PV domU (MPICH2 Virtual Supercomputer Center)
###############################################################################################################

# Sector by sector copy
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/f11-pv-hpc-node0007 | gzip --$GZIP_COMPLEVEL > \
$DEST/virtualmachines-f11-pv-hpc-node0007.img.gz

# VM 8: Fedora 11 x86_64 PV domU (MPICH2 Virtual Supercomputer Center)
###############################################################################################################

# Sector by sector copy
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/f11-pv-hpc-node0008 | gzip --$GZIP_COMPLEVEL > \
$DEST/virtualmachines-f11-pv-hpc-node0008.img.gz

# VM 9: FreeBSD 8.0 RC2 UNIX amd64 HVM domU
###############################################################################################################

# Sector by sector copy
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/freebsd | gzip --$GZIP_COMPLEVEL > \
$DEST/virtualmachines-freebsd.img.gz

# VM 10: OpenSolaris 2009.06 UNIX amd64 PV domU
###############################################################################################################

# Sector by sector copy
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/opensolaris | gzip --$GZIP_COMPLEVEL > \
$DEST/virtualmachines-opensolaris.img.gz

# VM 11: Rocks 5.1 x86_64 HPC Compute Cluster HVM domU (based on CentOS 5.2)
###############################################################################################################

# Add partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -av /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0001

# Backup MBR
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/rocks0001 of=$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0001.mbr bs=512 count=1

# Backup Partition Geometry
sfdisk -d /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0001 > $DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0001.sfdisk

# Backup Filesystems
partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0001p1 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0001p1.img

partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0001p2 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0001p2.img

partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0001p5 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0001p5.img

# Delete partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -dv /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0001

# VM 12: Rocks 5.1 x86_64 HPC Compute Cluster HVM domU (based on CentOS 5.2)
###############################################################################################################

# Add partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -av /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0002

# Backup MBR
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/rocks0002 of=$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0002.mbr bs=512 count=1

# Backup Partition Geometry
sfdisk -d /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0002 > $DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0002.sfdisk

# Backup Filesystems
partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0002p1 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0002p1.img

partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0002p2 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0002p2.img

partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0002p5 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0002p5.img

# Delete partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -dv /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0002

# VM 13: Rocks 5.1 x86_64 HPC Compute Cluster HVM domU (based on CentOS 5.2)
###############################################################################################################

# Add partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -av /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0003

# Backup MBR
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/rocks0003 of=$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0003.mbr bs=512 count=1

# Backup Partition Geometry
sfdisk -d /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0003 > $DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0003.sfdisk

# Backup Filesystems
partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0003p1 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0003p1.img

partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0003p2 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0003p2.img

partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0003p5 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0003p5.img

# Delete partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -dv /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0003

# VM 14: Rocks 5.1 x86_64 HPC Compute Cluster HVM domU (based on CentOS 5.2)
###############################################################################################################

# Add partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -av /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0004

# Backup MBR
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/rocks0004 of=$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0004.mbr bs=512 count=1

# Backup Partition Geometry
sfdisk -d /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0004 > $DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0004.sfdisk

# Backup Filesystems
partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0004p1 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0004p1.img

partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0004p2 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0004p2.img

partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0004p5 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0004p5.img

# Delete partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -dv /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0004

# VM 15: Rocks 5.1 x86_64 HPC Compute Cluster HVM domU (based on CentOS 5.2)
###############################################################################################################

# Add partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -av /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0005

# Backup MBR
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/rocks0005 of=$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0005.mbr bs=512 count=1

# Backup Partition Geometry
sfdisk -d /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0005 > $DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0005.sfdisk

# Backup Filesystems
partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0005p1 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0005p1.img

partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0005p2 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0005p2.img

partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-rocks0005p5 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-rocks0005p5.img

# Delete partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -dv /dev/virtualmachines/rocks0005

# VM 16: Slackware64 13.0 amd64 HVM domU
###############################################################################################################

# Add partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -av /dev/virtualmachines/slackware64

# Backup MBR
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/slackware64 of=$DEST/virtualmachines-slackware64.mbr bs=512 count=1

# Backup Partition Geometry
sfdisk -d /dev/virtualmachines/slackware64 > $DEST/virtualmachines-slackware64.sfdisk

# Backup Filesystems
# partimage does not support ext4 filesystems
#partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-slackware64p1 \
#$DEST/virtualmachines-slackware64p1.img

#partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-slackware64p2 \
#$DEST/virtualmachines-slackware64p2.img

fsarchiver savefs -v -z $FSA_COMPLEVEL -j $PROCESSOR_CORES $DEST/virtualmachines-slackware64p1.fsa \
/dev/mapper/virtualmachines-slackware64p1

fsarchiver savefs -v -z $FSA_COMPLEVEL -j $PROCESSOR_CORES $DEST/virtualmachines-slackware64p2.fsa \
/dev/mapper/virtualmachines-slackware64p2

# Delete partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -dv /dev/virtualmachines/slackware64

# VM 17: Ubuntu 9.10 Karmic Koala Linux HVM domU
###############################################################################################################

# Add partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -av /dev/virtualmachines/ubuntu910

# Backup MBR
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/ubuntu910 of=$DEST/virtualmachines-ubuntu910.mbr bs=512 count=1

# Backup Partition Geometry
sfdisk -d /dev/virtualmachines/ubuntu910 > $DEST/virtualmachines-ubuntu910.sfdisk

# Backup Filesystems
# partimage does not support ext4 filesystems
#partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-ubuntu910p1 \
#$DEST/virtualmachines-ubuntu910p1.img

fsarchiver savefs -v -z $FSA_COMPLEVEL -j $PROCESSOR_CORES $DEST/virtualmachines-ubuntu910p1.fsa \
/dev/mapper/virtualmachines-ubuntu910p1

# Delete partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -dv /dev/virtualmachines/ubuntu910

# VM 18: Windows XP Home Edition SP3 32-bit HVM domU with VGA passthrough (requires Intel VT-d)
###############################################################################################################

# Add partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -av /dev/virtualmachines/winxphome32

# Backup MBR
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/winxphome32 of=$DEST/virtualmachines-winxphome32.mbr bs=512 count=1

# Backup Partition Geometry
sfdisk -d /dev/virtualmachines/winxphome32 > $DEST/virtualmachines-winxphome32.sfdisk

# Backup Filesystems
partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-winxphome32p1 \
$DEST/virtualmachines-winxphome32p1.img

# Delete partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -dv /dev/virtualmachines/winxphome32

# VM 19: openSUSE 11.2 x86_64 Linux PV domU
###############################################################################################################

# Add partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -av /dev/virtualmachines/opensuse

# Backup MBR
dd if=/dev/virtualmachines/opensuse of=$DEST/virtualmachines-opensuse.mbr bs=512 count=1

# Backup Partition Geometry
sfdisk -d /dev/virtualmachines/opensuse > $DEST/virtualmachines-opensuse.sfdisk

# Backup Filesystems
# partimage does not support ext4 filesystems
#partimage -d -M -b -z$PARTIMAGE_COMPLEVEL save /dev/mapper/virtualmachines-opensuse2 \
#$DEST/virtualmachines-opensuse2.img

fsarchiver savefs -v -z $FSA_COMPLEVEL -j $PROCESSOR_CORES $DEST/virtualmachines-opensuse2.fsa \
/dev/mapper/virtualmachines-opensuse2

# Delete partition mappings in /dev/mapper
kpartx -dv /dev/virtualmachines/opensuse

###############################################################################################################
# EOF
###############################################################################################################

</CODE>

-- 
fedora-list mailing list
[email protected]
To unsubscribe: https://www.redhat.com/mailman/listinfo/fedora-list
Guidelines: http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Communicate/MailingListGuidelines

[Index of Archives]     [Current Fedora Users]     [Fedora Desktop]     [Fedora SELinux]     [Yosemite News]     [Yosemite Photos]     [KDE Users]     [Fedora Tools]     [Fedora Docs]

  Powered by Linux