RE: low-level formatter for linux

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----------------------------------------
> From: [email protected]
> To: [email protected]
> Date: Wed, 5 Aug 2009 00:33:27 -0400
> Subject: Re: low-level formatter for linux
>
> On Tuesday 04 August 2009, Markus Kesaromous wrote:
>>----------------------------------------
>>
>>> Date: Wed, 5 Aug 2009 03:33:25 +0000
>>> From: [email protected]
>>> To: [email protected]
>>> Subject: Re: low-level formatter for linux
>>>
>>> Markus Kesaromous wrote:
>>>> Is there a low-level HD formatter for linux?
>>>
>>> linux-google search "low-level+format", will give 97k hits.
>>>
>>> mainly, for a truly oem *low-level format* you need an oem format program.
>>> they are available in dos format.
>>>
>>> you will get advice to use 'dd' to zero out sectors.
>>>
>>> you will find programs to do all sorts of security erasers.
>>>
>>>
>>> for all practical purposes of clearing up why you need 'llf',
>>>
>>> did you now have live-in girl friend and you want to be sure
>>> she does not find your pron? ;)
>>>
>>> your boss caught you with it on *his* computer?
>>>
>>>
>>> for practical purposes, girl friend included, using
>>> 'dd if=/dev/random of=/dev/sdn bs=65536'
>>> will removed any thing you need to worry about.
>>>
>>>
>>> for legal reasons, fbi, irs, boss, etc, log;
>>> http://www.linux-kurser.dk/secure_harddisk_eraser.html
>>> for a type of 'erase' programs available.
>>>
>>> there are many more, so you can look thru rest of 97k,
>>> or modify "low-level+formatter" to lessen.
>>>
>>> much fun to you. :)
>>>
>>> --
>>>
>>> peace out.
>>>
>>> tc,hago.
>>>
>>> g
>>> .
>>>
>>> ****
>>> in a free world without fences, who needs gates.
>>> **
>>> help microsoft stamp out piracy - give linux to a friend today.
>>> **
>>> to mess up a linux box, you need to work at it.
>>> to mess up an ms windows box, you just need to *look* at it.
>>> **
>>> learn linux:
>>> 'Rute User's Tutorial and Exposition' http://rute.2038bug.com/index.html
>>> 'The Linux Documentation Project' http://www.tldp.org/
>>> 'LDP HOWTO-index' http://www.tldp.org/HOWTO/HOWTO-INDEX/index.html
>>> 'HowtoForge' http://howtoforge.com/
>>> ****
>>
>>Why I need to do low level formatting?
>>Disk monitor is reporting 93 uncorrectable sector errors.
>
> If that drive cannot correct them, it is already out of spare sectors and is
> using its input power for life support.
>
> But to be sure, please post the output of 'smartctl -a /dev/sdX'
> where X is the rest of that devices name, a,b,c,d,e etc.
>
> I'd retire it, before it falls over taking your data with it. Or are you
> running amanda? I do. And I don't worry too much, I can do a bare metal
> install on a fresh drive, fire up one of amanda's two recovery tools, and have
> my 99GB restored in about 3 hours, including the final reboot to put in my
> latest kernel.
>
>>Is that a good enough reason? :)
>>
>>PS: If I had something on the disk to hide from prying eyes, I would resort
>>to a very simple solution: break open the drive (very easyli done), and
>>place the platters on the fire grill for about 60 minutes. Ask a physics
>> professor. See what he has to say about it :)
>>
>>
>>_________________________________________________________________
>>Get free photo software from Windows Live
>>http://www.windowslive.com/online/photos?ocid=PID23393::T:WLMTAGL:ON:WL:en-U
>>S:SI_PH_software:082009
>
>
> --
> Cheers, Gene
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> soap, ballot, jury, and ammo. Please use in that order."
> -Ed Howdershelt (Author)
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> 
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I don't know enough about amanda. Guess I have to read up on it.
Here is the output:

# smartctl -a /dev/sdb

smartctl version 5.38 [i386-redhat-linux-gnu] Copyright (C) 2002-8 Bruce Allen
Home page is http://smartmontools.sourceforge.net/

=== START OF INFORMATION SECTION ===
Model Family:     Seagate Barracuda 7200.9 family
Device Model:     ST3500641AS
Serial Number:    3PM07SFG
Firmware Version: 3.AAD
User Capacity:    500,107,862,016 bytes
Device is:        In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is:   7
ATA Standard is:  Exact ATA specification draft version not indicated
Local Time is:    Tue Aug  4 21:42:21 2009 PDT
SMART support is: Available - device has SMART capability.
SMART support is: Enabled

=== START OF READ SMART DATA SECTION ===
SMART overall-health self-assessment test result: PASSED
See vendor-specific Attribute list for marginal Attributes.

General SMART Values:
Offline data collection status:  (0x82)    Offline data collection activity
                    was completed without error.
                    Auto Offline Data Collection: Enabled.
Self-test execution status:      ( 120)    The previous self-test completed having
                    the read element of the test failed.
Total time to complete Offline 
data collection:          ( 430) seconds.
Offline data collection
capabilities:              (0x5b) SMART execute Offline immediate.
                    Auto Offline data collection on/off support.
                    Suspend Offline collection upon new
                    command.
                    Offline surface scan supported.
                    Self-test supported.
                    No Conveyance Self-test supported.
                    Selective Self-test supported.
SMART capabilities:            (0x0003)    Saves SMART data before entering
                    power-saving mode.
                    Supports SMART auto save timer.
Error logging capability:        (0x01)    Error logging supported.
                    General Purpose Logging supported.
Short self-test routine 
recommended polling time:      (   1) minutes.
Extended self-test routine
recommended polling time:      ( 255) minutes.

SMART Attributes Data Structure revision number: 10
Vendor Specific SMART Attributes with Thresholds:
ID# ATTRIBUTE_NAME          FLAG     VALUE WORST THRESH TYPE      UPDATED  WHEN_FAILED RAW_VALUE
  1 Raw_Read_Error_Rate     0x000f   108   078   006    Pre-fail  Always       -       157925240
  3 Spin_Up_Time            0x0003   096   096   000    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
  4 Start_Stop_Count        0x0032   100   100   020    Old_age   Always       -       670
  5 Reallocated_Sector_Ct   0x0033   100   100   036    Pre-fail  Always       -       1
  7 Seek_Error_Rate         0x000f   087   060   030    Pre-fail  Always       -       627490383
  9 Power_On_Hours          0x0032   082   082   000    Old_age   Always       -       16386
 10 Spin_Retry_Count        0x0013   100   100   097    Pre-fail  Always       -       0
 12 Power_Cycle_Count       0x0032   100   100   020    Old_age   Always       -       767
187 Reported_Uncorrect      0x0032   001   001   000    Old_age   Always       -       863
189 High_Fly_Writes         0x003a   100   100   000    Old_age   Always       -       0
190 Airflow_Temperature_Cel 0x0022   061   039   045    Old_age   Always   In_the_past 39 (0 2 41 29)
194 Temperature_Celsius     0x0022   039   061   000    Old_age   Always       -       39 (0 14 0 0)
195 Hardware_ECC_Recovered  0x001a   060   045   000    Old_age   Always       -       185506743
197 Current_Pending_Sector  0x0012   093   093   000    Old_age   Always       -       157
198 Offline_Uncorrectable   0x0010   093   093   000    Old_age   Offline      -       157
199 UDMA_CRC_Error_Count    0x003e   200   037   000    Old_age   Always       -       366
200 Multi_Zone_Error_Rate   0x0000   100   253   000    Old_age   Offline      -       0
202 TA_Increase_Count       0x0032   100   253   000    Old_age   Always       -       0

SMART Error Log Version: 1
ATA Error Count: 1188 (device log contains only the most recent five errors)
    CR = Command Register [HEX]
    FR = Features Register [HEX]
    SC = Sector Count Register [HEX]
    SN = Sector Number Register [HEX]
    CL = Cylinder Low Register [HEX]
    CH = Cylinder High Register [HEX]
    DH = Device/Head Register [HEX]
    DC = Device Command Register [HEX]
    ER = Error register [HEX]
    ST = Status register [HEX]
Powered_Up_Time is measured from power on, and printed as
DDd+hh:mm:SS.sss where DD=days, hh=hours, mm=minutes,
SS=sec, and sss=millisec. It "wraps" after 49.710 days.

Error 1188 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 9674 hours (403 days + 2 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 51 00 18 e8 dd e0  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x00dde818 = 14542872

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  25 00 08 11 e8 dd e0 00      05:14:07.198  READ DMA EXT
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00      05:14:07.120  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 a0 02      05:14:07.109  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 03 46 00 00 00 a0 02      05:14:11.121  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00      05:14:11.036  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT

Error 1187 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 9674 hours (403 days + 2 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 51 00 18 e8 dd e0  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x00dde818 = 14542872

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  25 00 08 11 e8 dd e0 00      05:14:07.198  READ DMA EXT
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00      05:14:07.120  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 a0 02      05:14:07.109  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 03 46 00 00 00 a0 02      05:14:07.096  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00      05:14:07.031  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT

Error 1186 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 9674 hours (403 days + 2 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 51 00 18 e8 dd e0  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x00dde818 = 14542872

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  25 00 08 11 e8 dd e0 00      05:14:07.198  READ DMA EXT
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00      05:14:07.120  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 a0 02      05:14:07.109  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 03 46 00 00 00 a0 02      05:14:07.096  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00      05:14:07.031  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT

Error 1185 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 9674 hours (403 days + 2 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 51 00 18 e8 dd e0  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x00dde818 = 14542872

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  25 00 08 11 e8 dd e0 00      05:14:03.173  READ DMA EXT
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00      05:14:03.108  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 a0 02      05:14:03.105  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 03 46 00 00 00 a0 02      05:14:01.313  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00      05:13:52.427  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT

Error 1184 occurred at disk power-on lifetime: 9674 hours (403 days + 2 hours)
  When the command that caused the error occurred, the device was active or idle.

  After command completion occurred, registers were:
  ER ST SC SN CL CH DH
  -- -- -- -- -- -- --
  40 51 00 18 e8 dd e0  Error: UNC at LBA = 0x00dde818 = 14542872

  Commands leading to the command that caused the error were:
  CR FR SC SN CL CH DH DC   Powered_Up_Time  Command/Feature_Name
  -- -- -- -- -- -- -- --  ----------------  --------------------
  25 00 08 11 e8 dd e0 00      05:14:03.173  READ DMA EXT
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00      05:14:03.108  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT
  ec 00 00 00 00 00 a0 02      05:14:03.105  IDENTIFY DEVICE
  ef 03 46 00 00 00 a0 02      05:14:01.313  SET FEATURES [Set transfer mode]
  27 00 00 00 00 00 e0 00      05:13:52.427  READ NATIVE MAX ADDRESS EXT

SMART Self-test log structure revision number 1
Num  Test_Description    Status                  Remaining  LifeTime(hours)  LBA_of_first_error
# 1  Short offline       Completed: read failure       80%     15374         752823153

SMART Selective self-test log data structure revision number 1
 SPAN  MIN_LBA  MAX_LBA  CURRENT_TEST_STATUS
    1        0        0  Not_testing
    2        0        0  Not_testing
    3        0        0  Not_testing
    4        0        0  Not_testing
    5        0        0  Not_testing
Selective self-test flags (0x0):
  After scanning selected spans, do NOT read-scan remainder of disk.
If Selective self-test is pending on power-up, resume after 0 minute delay.



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