Anne Wilson wrote: > I've read everything I can, including the thread mentioned above, and I'm > still not happy. I think it's a complete lack of understanding of the boot > process. I have always installed grub to the MBR, and thought that this > simply called up menu.lst, read the stanzas there and proceeded to carry out > the selected stanza. Now it seems that things are not that simple, so I have > to ask you to return to absolute basics. > You are installing a boot loader in the MBR (Stage 1) that then loads the next stage. This is usually the stage 1.5 that can read the file system that stage 2 is on. Stage 2 is the part that loads and displays the menu. It also takes care of processing your menu choice. > It seems that I should install grub into the root partition for the particular > distro - correct? > If you are using a /boot partition, and a copy of Grub for each distribution, that is where to install the grub for that distribution. This is especially true if the root partition is on a LVM volume. For most BIOS, the partition has to be marked as bootable for the BIOS to use the boot loader on the boot record on that partition. Grub, on the other hand, can chainload to that boot loader without the partition being marked bootable. > If the other distro is not automatically added I then will need to manually > edit menu.lst to add a stanza for the other distro - correct? > If you are using Grub as your first boot manager, then you will need to. If you are using another boot manager, then you will need an entry for the Grub boot loader. I will cover this more at the end. > I presume that I will also have to manually edit the menu.lst on the other > distro? > Maybe - it depends on the method used. > Exactly how does either of these get called? IOW, what tells it which one to > call? > The one on the partition marked as bootable usually, unless you have a boot loader on the MBR. > Then there's the matter of kernel updates. Fedora has a default number for > keeping kernels - how will it know to only handle its own kernels and kernel > entries in menu.lst? And if it doesn't, will I have to manually edit menu.lst > every time there is a kernel update (having made a routine of backing up > menu.lst)? > > The example I downloaded, which concerned a RHLinux install and a Mandrake > one, only used chainloader for the floppy stanza. I know it gets used for a > Windows stanza. Does that mean that it doesn't get used for two Linux > distros? > > I think that most of my questions covered. Maybe I'll feel more confident > when I understand these issues better :-) > One way to handle multiple distributions in one system is to use more then one copy of Grub. You have one copy that is installed on the MBR, and has its own partition for its menu and stage 1.5 and stage 2. This copy just chainloads to Windows, or the copy of Grub on the /boot or /root partition of the distribution. From there, the windows boot loader, or the copy of Grub for that distribution. This has the advantage of not messing with the kernel update process of the distribution. A second method is to use the Windows boot loader and add entries for each distribution. This involves coping the installed boot loader for each distribution. (Grub first stage from the boot record of the partition for that distribution.) If you update Grub, you will need to update the file on Windows. A third method is to use Grub for one distribution as your as your master copy, and have entries for the other distributions and for Windows. This works fine as long as you don't mess up that copy of Grub. You will also want to keep a copy of your grub.conf in case you upgrade that distribution, so you can merge the entries for the other distributions back in. In any case, the entry for each distribution looks like the entry for Windows, with the root statement changed to reflect the partition that Grub is installed to. (/boot for that distribution.) If you want more detailed instructions for any of these methods, or more on the advantages/disadvantages of each method, let me know. Mikkel (working on his first cup of coffee this morning.) -- Do not meddle in the affairs of dragons, for thou art crunchy and taste good with Ketchup!
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