On Mon, 2006-11-06 at 11:16 +0700, Fajar Priyanto wrote: > I'm curious when we do 'ls -la', what does 'total' mean? Is it the amount of > directory, files, or else? > > ls -la > total 8 > drwxr-xr-x 2 fajar users 4096 2006-11-06 11:12 . > drwxr-xr-x 3 fajar users 4096 2006-11-06 11:12 .. Looking at a reference to the man file for ls, that DID NOT come from FC, I see the following information: `-l' `--format=long' `--format=verbose' In addition to the name of each file, print the file type, permissions, number of hard links, owner name, group name, size, and timestamp (see section 10.1.6 Formatting file timestamps), normally the modification time. Normally the size is printed as a byte count without punctuation, but this can be overridden (see section 2.2 Block size). For example, `-h' prints an abbreviated, human-readable count, and `--block-size="'1"' prints a byte count with the thousands separator of the current locale. For each directory that is listed, preface the files with a line `total blocks', where blocks is the total disk allocation for all files in that directory. The block size currently defaults to 1024 bytes, but this can be overridden (see section 2.2 Block size). The blocks computed counts each hard link separately; this is arguably a deficiency. <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/manual/html_chapter/coreutils_10.html> -- (Currently testing FC5, but still running FC4, if that's important.) Don't send private replies to my address, the mailbox is ignored. I read messages from the public lists.