Re: Oops in a driver while using SLUB as a SLAB allocator

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On Thu, 21 Jun 2007, Nicolas Ferre wrote:
> While debugging a Linux driver on my ARM platform (AT91), I switched on the
> 2.6.22-rc5 kernel. While reconfiguring it I selected CONFIG_SLUB as a SLAB
> allocator.
> The sd/mmc driver I tried to run is vanilla driver which never, until now,
> produces Oops (at91_mci.c).
> The oops seems to occur after a page unmapping using dma_unmap_page() followed
> by a flush_dcache_page() (in at91mci_post_dma_read()).
> Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference at virtual address 0000000d
> pgd = c0004000
> [0000000d] *pgd=00000000
> Internal error: Oops: 1 [#1]
> Modules linked in:
> CPU: 0
> PC is at get_index+0x1c/0x50
> LR is at prio_tree_next+0x60/0x194
> pc : [<c01098ac>]    lr : [<c0109fc4>]    Not tainted
> sp : c3d0bca8  ip : ffffffdd  fp : c3d0bcb4
> r10: 00000040  r9 : c3d0be78  r8 : c3d0bcc4
> r7 : c3d0bcc0  r6 : 00000000  r5 : c029635c  r4 : c3d0bcfc
> r3 : c3d0bcc0  r2 : c3d0bcc4  r1 : 00000001  r0 : c3d0bcc0
> Flags: nZCv  IRQs off  FIQs on  Mode SVC_32  Segment kernel
> Control: 5317F
> Table: 20004000  DAC: 00000017
> Process kmmcd (pid: 761, stack limit = 0xc3d0a258)
> Backtrace:
> [<c0109890>] (get_index+0x0/0x50) from [<c0109fc4>]
> (prio_tree_next+0x60/0x194)
> [<c0109f64>] (prio_tree_next+0x0/0x194) from [<c0067734>]
> (vma_prio_tree_next+0x1c/0x88)
> r8:c3d649e0 r7:c3d0be68 r6:c0298594 r5:00000000 r4:00000000
> [<c0067718>] (vma_prio_tree_next+0x0/0x88) from [<c002bd0c>]
> (flush_dcache_page+0x108/0x124)
> [<c002bc04>] (flush_dcache_page+0x0/0x124) from [<c017df00>]
> (at91_mci_irq+0x210/0x45c)
> r6:00000000 r5:c3d0be68 r4:c3d0a000
> [<c017dcf0>] (at91_mci_irq+0x0/0x45c) from [<c005a99c>]
> (handle_IRQ_event+0x44/0x80)
> [<c005a958>] (handle_IRQ_event+0x0/0x80) from [<c005bd04>]
> Do you find a reason why I cannot use SLUB ? Did I missed something or do I
> use a bad dma_xx or cache flush call in the driver ?

That looks serious: thanks a lot for reporting it.

(I see Marc has sent you a patch or two for the driver end:
I didn't see their relevance, maybe they skirt around the
problem somehow; but unless I'm mistaken, what you've found
goes beyond that particular driver.)

Seems a little odd that it's gone throughout 2.6.22-rc unnoticed
until now - nobody else trying SLUB on ARM or PA-RISC yet perhaps.
As I understand it, you're not doing anything wrong (disclaimer:
I'm no expert on dma_mapping things), but SLUB's reuse of struct
page fields has collided with what flush_dcache_page is expecting.

Here's a patch: I'm not convinced it's necessarily the best one
(most uses of page_mapping will never see a slab page, it's a pity
to be cluttering up that inline even further); but in case nobody
else can provide a better...

[PATCH] page_mapping must avoid slub pages

Nicolas Ferre reports oops from flush_dcache_page() on ARM when using
SLUB: which reuses page->mapping as page->slab.  The page_mapping()
function, used by ARM and PA-RISC flush_dcache_page() implementations,
must not confuse SLUB pages with those which have page->mapping set.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <[email protected]>
That #ifdef I've put in there is not essential:
it's perhaps more of a comment or an accusation ;)

 include/linux/mm.h |    4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

--- 2.6.22-rc5/include/linux/mm.h	2007-05-26 07:16:48.000000000 +0100
+++ linux/include/linux/mm.h	2007-06-21 15:52:47.000000000 +0100
@@ -603,6 +603,10 @@ static inline struct address_space *page
 	if (unlikely(PageSwapCache(page)))
 		mapping = &swapper_space;
+	else if (unlikely(PageSlab(page)))
+		mapping = NULL;
 	else if (unlikely((unsigned long)mapping & PAGE_MAPPING_ANON))
 		mapping = NULL;
 	return mapping;

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