Re: Executable shell scripts

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Arjan van de Ven <[email protected]> wrote:
> On Sat, 2006-05-13 at 13:03 +0200, Mark Rosenstand wrote:
> > Arjan van de Ven <[email protected]> wrote:
> > > On Sat, 2006-05-13 at 12:38 +0200, Mark Rosenstand wrote:
> > > > Hi,
> > > > 
> > > > Is it in any (reasonable) way possible to make Linux support executable
> > > > shell scripts? Perhaps through binfmt_misc?
> > > 
> > > ehhhhhh this is already supposed to work.
> > 
> > It doesn't:
> > 
> > bash-3.00$ cat << EOF > test
> > > #!/bin/sh
> > > echo "yay, I'm executing!"
> > > EOF
> > bash-3.00$ chmod 111 test
> > bash-3.00$ ./test
> > /bin/sh: ./test: Permission denied
> is your script readable as well? 111 is just weird/odd.

No, it's executable. This is what makes executable shell scripts
distinct from feeding the file to an interpreter.


      The script is called `executable' because just like a real
      (binary) executable it starts with a so-called `magic number'
      indicating the type of the executable.  In our case this number is
      `#!' and the OS takes the rest of the first line as the
      interpreter for the script, possibly followed by 1 initial option

        #!/bin/sed -f

      Suppose this script is called `foo' and is found in /bin,
      then if you type:

        foo arg1 arg2 arg3

      the OS will rearrange things as though you had typed:

        /bin/sed -f /bin/foo arg1 arg2 arg3

      There is one difference though: if the setuid permission bit for
      `foo' is set, it will be honored in the first form of the
      command; if you really type the second form, the OS will honor
      the permission bits of /bin/sed, which is not setuid, of course.
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