Re: [PATCH 1/12] generic *_bit()

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On Wed, 1 Feb 2006, Grant Grundler wrote:
> On Wed, Feb 01, 2006 at 01:41:03PM -0800, Chen, Kenneth W wrote:
> > > Well, if it doesn't matter, why is unsigned int better?
> > 
> > I was coming from the angle of having bitop operate on unsigned
> > int *, so people don't have to type cast or change bit flag variable
> > to unsigned long for various structures.  With unsigned int type for
> > bit flag, some of them are not even close to fully utilized. for example:
> > 
> > thread_info->flags uses 18 bits
> > thread_struct->flags uses 7 bits
> > 
> > It's a waste of memory to define a variable that kernel will *never*
> > touch the 4 MSB in that field.
> Agreed. Good point. But this can be mitigated if the code using "unsigned int"
> (or unsigned byte) first loads the value into a local unsigned long variable.
> That typically translates into a tmp register anyway. Compiler will help
> you find places where that needs to happen.
> Counter point is bit arrays (e.g. bit maps) like cpumask_t are
> typically much larger than 32-bits (typically distro's ship with
> NR_CPUS set to 256 or so).  File system code also likes bit arrays
> for block allocation tables. Searching a bit array using unsigned
> long is 2x faster on 64-bit architectures. I don't want to give
> that up and I'm pretty sure Tony Luck, Paul Mckerras and a few
> others would object unless you can give a better reason.

Err, searching by anything other than bytes is useless for a file system 
driver.  Otherwise you get all sorts of disgustingly horrible allocation 
patterns depending on the endianness of the machine...

Best regards,

Anton Altaparmakov <aia21 at> (replace at with @)
Unix Support, Computing Service, University of Cambridge, CB2 3QH, UK
Linux NTFS maintainer / IRC: #ntfs on
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