Re: [PATCH 2/25] NTFS: Allow highmem kmalloc() in ntfs_malloc_nofs() and add _nofail() version.

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On Fri, 2005-09-09 at 13:36 +0300, Pekka Enberg wrote:
> On 9/9/05, Anton Altaparmakov <[email protected]> wrote:
> > -static inline void *ntfs_malloc_nofs(unsigned long size)
> > +static inline void *__ntfs_malloc(unsigned long size,
> > +               unsigned int __nocast gfp_mask)
> >  {
> >         if (likely(size <= PAGE_SIZE)) {
> >                 BUG_ON(!size);
> >                 /* kmalloc() has per-CPU caches so is faster for now. */
> > -               return kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, GFP_NOFS);
> > -               /* return (void *)__get_free_page(GFP_NOFS | __GFP_HIGHMEM); */
> > +               return kmalloc(PAGE_SIZE, gfp_mask);
> > +               /* return (void *)__get_free_page(gfp_mask); */
> >         }
> >         if (likely(size >> PAGE_SHIFT < num_physpages))
> > -               return __vmalloc(size, GFP_NOFS | __GFP_HIGHMEM, PAGE_KERNEL);
> > +               return __vmalloc(size, gfp_mask, PAGE_KERNEL);
> Unrelated to this patch but why do you have this wrapper instead of
> using kmalloc() where you can and__vmalloc() where you really have to?

Very easy.  Allocations are variable sized.  Without the wrapper I would
have to copy and paste the wrapped code all over the ntfs driver as
there is no way to tell which one I would need in advance.

I used to simply use vmalloc() but that caused loads of people's
machines to run out of vmalloc space in a matter of hours and also
vmalloc is much slower so I added the kmalloc if a page and vmalloc

Note just using kmalloc is no good as it doesn't go high enough in size
(again this problem was being hit by people which is why I had switched
to vmalloc in the first place).

Also kmalloc with size > PAGE_SIZE used to cause machines to run OOM and
give page order > 1 allocation failures, hence why I never use kmalloc
for more than one page any more.

Also note I only use the ntfs_malloc_nofs() wrapper if I have to.  If I
know how much I am allocating or at least know that the maximum is quite
small, I use kmalloc() directly.  It is pretty much only for the runlist
allocations that I use the wrapper as the runlist is typically small but
for fragmented files it can grow huge.  I have seen runlists consuming
over 256kiB of ram, without vmalloc that would be a real problem...

Best regards,

Anton Altaparmakov <aia21 at> (replace at with @)
Unix Support, Computing Service, University of Cambridge, CB2 3QH, UK
Linux NTFS maintainer / IRC: #ntfs on
WWW: &

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