[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

Re: [PATCH] Documentation: Explain a second alternative for multi-line macros.



On Sun, Dec 31, 2006 at 02:32:25PM -0500, Robert P. J. Day wrote:

>  Generally, inline functions are preferable to macros resembling
>  functions.

This should be stressed, IMHO. We have too many macros which have no
reason to live.

> -Macros with multiple statements should be enclosed in a do - while block:
> +There are two techniques for defining macros that contain multiple
> +statements.
> 
> -#define macrofun(a, b, c) 			\
> -	do {					\
> + (a) Enclose those statements in a do - while block:
> +
> +	#define macrofun(a, b, c) 		\
> +		do {				\
> +			if (a == 5)		\
> +				do_this(b, c);	\
> +		} while (0)
> +
> + (b) Use the gcc extension that a compound statement enclosed in
> +     parentheses represents an expression:
> +
> +	#define macrofun(a, b, c) ({		\
>  		if (a == 5)			\
>  			do_this(b, c);		\
> -	} while (0)
> +	})

When giving two alternatives, the reader will thank you if you explain
when each should be used. In this case, the second form should be used
when the macro needs to return a value (and you can't use an inline
function for whatever reason), whereas the first form should be used
at all other times.

Cheers,
Muli
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at  http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at  http://www.tux.org/lkml/

[Submit]     [Site Home]     [Kernel Newbies]     [Memory]     [Consulting]     [Netfilter]     [Bugtraq]     [Rubini]     [Photo]     [DVD Store]     [Gimp]     [Yosemite News]     [MIPS Linux]     [ARM Linux]     [Linux Security]     [Linux RAID]     [Video 4 Linux]     [Linux for the blind]     [Linux Resources]

Powered by Linux